Nuttx on the STM32F103C8T6

Wouldn’t it be  C 🙄 🙄 L to have a Linux prompt on the STM32F103C8T6.  Not likely, however, Nuttx on the STM32F103C8T6 is about as close as you will get.

Nuttx is a RTOS which runs on a wide range of microcontrollers including the STM32F103C8T6.

To compile Nuttx for the STM32F103C8T6, a development environment needs set up with the right tools. My development OS of choice is a Linux distribution called Fedora (Fedora 29 is the current version at the time of this post).

To install the tools needed, I used these commands:

dnf -y install arm-none-eabi-binutils-cs arm-none-eabi-gdb arm-none-eabi-gcc-cs-c++ arm-none-eabi-newlib arm-none-eabi-gcc-cs
dnf -y install git
dnf -y install flex bison gperf automake autoconf m4 libtool ncurses ncurses-devel

The first DNF command installs the ARM development tools needed to compile Nuttx for the ARM based STM32F103C8T6. The second command installs the GIT tool used to grab the source code. The third command installs other development tools necessary for the compile process.

To begin the process, create a directory to store the downloaded source and tools:

mkdir /temp/
mkdir /temp/nx
cd /temp/nx

The Nuttx source code is downloaded with these git commands:

git clone nuttx
git clone apps
git clone tools

The Nuttx configuration process needs the  kconfig-frontends installed via these commands:

cd /temp/nx/tools/kconfig-frontends/

The reason for the aclocal and autoconf is to update the configuration files due to the newer versions of Fedoras’ development tools.

Next, create the Nuttx specific compile for the STM32F103C8T6 via these commands:

cd /temp/nx/nuttx/tools
./ stm32f103-minimum/nsh

That last command should have set up everything correctly for the compile. however,  this next step allows verification of all settings and options.

cd  /temp/nx/nuttx
make menuconfig

A menu will appear like this:

Nuttx Configuration Menu





Optionally, verify the build setup and other options. Save and Exit when done.

This last step compiles the code and creates the nuttx.bin binary file to load into the STM32F103C8T6.

cd /temp/nx/nuttx/

Attach the STM32F103C8T6 to a USB/Serial converter to load the Nuttx binary image:

STM32F103C8T6 with CP2102

To load Nuttx on the STM32F103C8T6 va the serial to USB converter, I used the stm32flash utility downloaded from  HERE.  Use these commands to install it:

tar -xvf stm32flash-0.5.tar.gz
cd stm32flash/
make install

Use this command to load the nuttx.bin file into the STM32F103C8T6:

/stm32flash -w /temp/nx/nuttx/nuttx.bin -v -g 0x0 /dev/ttyUSB0

Once loaded with the nuttx binary, the STM32F103C8T6 is ready to send the nsh (NuttShell) prompt. Connect your PC to the USB/Serial converter port with any serial communications program (115200 baud)  (like MINICOM ) and press the reset button.

Even the linux screen program can be used:

screen /dev/ttyUSB0 115200

I  like using  my Python serial program  (documented here) via the command:

./ 115200

For more info on Nuttx and what can be done with it, check out the site HERE.

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